Zeolite—impurities and phase identification

Zeolites, both naturally occurring and synthetic are currently used for catalysts, absorbents, and as molecular sieves. In the past 60 years, these aluminosilicate based compounds have proved highly versatile to both industry and research in areas of environmental clean-up, petroleum cracking, filtering/separations, and cation exchange materials. A frame work of 5 silicon and aluminum tetrahedra (tectosilicates), results in a cage-like structure with large open spaces. Depending on the range of d-spacing and other atoms present, the arrangement can be adjusted to yield channels or pores between 3 to 10 Å in size. Slight changes in the synthesis process can change the pores size or charge to select for a specific types of materials.

zeolite1

Figure 1: Above diffraction pattern show four samples of zeolite-LTA type with varying percentages of a sodalite contamination with phase identification markers. The gray markers correspond to the zeolite-LTA compound and the red markers correspond to the sodalite compound.

Individual compounds or impurities (phases) can be identified from the MiniFlex diffraction patterns by comparison with known databases published by ICDD( International Centre for Diffraction Data) and ICSD (Inorganic Crystal Structure Database). Over 1229 zeolite structures are currently available in the combined databases for identification of finished materials.

zeolite2

Figure 2: Diffraction pattern above shows three enlarged regions for better viewing.


MiniFlexNew sixth generation MiniFlex X-ray diffractometer (XRD) is a multipurpose analytical instrument that can determine: phase identification and quantification, percent (%) crystallinity, crystallite size and strain, lattice parameter refinement, Rietveld refinement, and molecular structure. It is widely used in research, especially in material science and chemistry, as well as in industry for research and quality control. It is the newest addition to MiniFlex series of benchtop X-ray diffraction analyzers from Rigaku, which began with the introduction of the original MiniFlex system decades ago. Read more about Rigaku's MiniFlex...

Ask for more info