Evaluation of the next generation magnetic recording media (FePt) by in-plane X-ray diffraction

As next-generation ultrahigh-density magnetic recording media, granular thin films in which metal microparticles are dispersed have been a focus of attention. Among these films, the regular phase (tetragonal crystal) of FePt has a particularly high magnetic anisotropy as well as good corrosion and oxidation resistances, so it is expected that it will be applied to actual devices. However, the irregular phase (cubic crystal) is created at the same time, depending on the film-forming conditions. For this reason, a technique to distinguish these crystalline phases at the nanoparticle and thin film level is required.

Using the in-plane X-ray diffraction method, in which X-rays are irradiated on the surface of a thin film sample at a glazing angle to study the regular structure (crystal structure) in the in-plane direction, it is possible to identify the crystalline phase even for ultra-thin films of only a few nm in thickness. It is also possible to analyze the sample in the depth direction by changing the incident angle of X-rays entering the sample surface.

The figure below shows the in-plane diffraction profiles of a sample where a FePt film of 15 nm in thickness is formed on a glass substrate on which a silver (Ag) layer is deposited in four different thicknesses. As the Ag film thickness increases, crystallization of the FePt regular phase advances. Signals from the Ag layer, which is only 1 nm in thickness, are also detected (1), (2).

Profiles of in-plane measurement
In-plane diffraction profile of a FePt film with Ag layers that vary in thickness

The second figure shows the results of a diffraction experiment where the incident angle is changed on a sample that is a 1 nm thick Ag layer on a glass substrate. When the incident angle is shallow, the signals become relatively strong, suggesting that the silver (Ag) exists in the surface layer of the sample..

Results of a diffraction experiment
Dependence on the incident angle


  • Z. L. Zhao et al: Appl. Phys. Lett., 83(2003), 2196-2198.
  • Z. L. Zhao et al: J. Appl. Phys., 95(2004), 7154-7156.

The SmartLab is the most novel high-resolution diffractometer available today. Perhaps its most novel feature is the SmartLab Guidance software, which provides the user with an intelligent interface that guides you through the intricacies of each experiment. It is like having an expert standing by your side. Read more...

Ask for more info