General X-ray diffraction phase/composition identification will distinguish the major, minor, and trace compounds present in a sample. The data usually includes mineral (common) name of the substance, chemical formula, crystalline system, and reference pattern number from the ICDD International database. A summary table of analysis results and diffraction plot with reference pattern markers for visual comparison is shown below:
|Anhydrite, CaSO4 -orthorhombic ICDD # 72-0916 Gypsum, syn CaSO4.2H2O -monoclinic ICDD# 33-031||Calcite, syn CaCO3 -rhombohedral ICDD # 05-0586 Brucite, Mg(OH)2 - hexagonal ICDD# 74-2220||Portlandite, syn, Ca(OH)2 -hexagonal ICDD# 44-1181 Quartz, SiO2 - hexagonal ICDD# 64-0312|
General X-ray diffraction phase identification and bulk elemental X-ray fluorescence are complimentary analyses, which provide elemental composition and chemical phase and crystal structures actually present in a sample.