RIR-based quantitative phase analysis of crystal polymorphism

TiO2 is widely used in white pigments, electronics materials, optical catalysts and UV absorbents. It exists in three polymorphs: rutile, anatase and brookite. The efficiencies of rutile and anatase as optical catalysts are different, so a method to determine the rutile:anatase ratio is needed. The quickest way to do quantitative XRD analysis is to determine the RIR (Relative Intensity Ratio). Data from the MiniFlex, profiled below, is of a prepared mixture of rutile and anatase in a 3:1 ratio. Using Jade to apply profile fitting algorithms, integrated intensities of several peaks were determined. The result showed rutile at 71.6 wt% and anatase at 28.4 wt%, which are approximately consistent with the ideal values of 75% and 25% respectively. This method is widely used as a simple, quick way to perform quantitative analysis.


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The fifth generation MiniFlex is a general purpose X-ray diffractometer that can perform qualitative and quantitative analysis of polycrystalline materials. The MiniFlex is available in two variations. Operating at 600 watts (X-ray tube), the MiniFlex 600 is twice as powerful as other benchtop models, enabling faster analysis and improved overall throughput. Running at 300 watts (X-ray tube), the new MiniFlex 300 does not require an external heat exchanger. Each model is engineered to maximize flexibility in a benchtop package. Read more...

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