Quantification of Zeolite phases

Zeolites are commonly used in a vast variety of industrial applications, including environmental clean-up, petroleum cracking, filtering/separations and cation exchange. These materials can be mined from natural sources or can be commercially synthesized. A basic structure of five silicon and aluminum tetrahedra result in a cage-like structure with large open spaces or "pores". These pores have charged regions which attract or exchange cations. For effective activity and specific cation incorporation, the zeolites need to be very specific and pure. X-ray diffraction is the preferred method for impurity identification (phase identification) and quantification.

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Figure 1: Diffraction pattern from the MiniFlex shows two samples of zeolites: S7
5 and S79. Red lines indicate the presence of sodalite phase and the blue lines indicate the presence of a LTA zeolite type.

Generally for RIR, the entire pattern does not need to be integrated or profile fit, only the region containing the strongest intensity peaks from all phases. Profile fitting provides area information, both of individual peaks and the entire pattern. After profile fitting, the peak areas are assigned to the individual phases present by color. Easy Quant, the RIR quantitative feature in MDI's Jade software, uses the peak area information along with the phase identification to calculate the weight percents of each identified phase.

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Figure 2: Results of Relative Intensity Ratio method (RIR) quantification of sample S75 from diffraction pattern. Pie chart indicates 3.5 weight percent of sodalite phase.

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Figure 3: Results of RIR method quantification of sample S79 from diffraction pattern. Pie chart indicates 1.6 weight percent of sodalite phase.


The fifth generation MiniFlex is a general purpose X-ray diffractometer that can perform qualitative and quantitative analysis of polycrystalline materials. The MiniFlex is available in two variations. Operating at 600 watts (X-ray tube), the MiniFlex 600 is twice as powerful as other benchtop models, enabling faster analysis and improved overall throughput. Running at 300 watts (X-ray tube), the new MiniFlex 300 does not require an external heat exchanger. Each model is engineered to maximize flexibility in a benchtop package. Read more...

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