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Chemical / small molecule crystallography

Chemical / small molecule crystallography

Determine the three dimensional structure of molecules

Chemical or small molecule crystallography is a technique that employs single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCX) to unambiguously determine the three-dimensional structure of molecules. When molecules crystalize (think sugar) they form a three-dimensional regular arrangement of molecules. X-rays are diffracted by crystals and the diffraction pattern so created can be measured and analyzed to determine the atomic arrangements within the molecule being studied.  The technique provides accurate and precise measurements of molecular dimensions in a way that no other method can approach. The technique may be applied to compounds of both chemical and biological interest, including new synthetic chemicals, catalysts, pharmaceuticals, and natural products. A frequent use is the identification of natural products, or of the products of synthetic chemistry experiments; however, detailed molecular geometry, intermolecular interactions and absolute configuration can also be studied. Some of the important information that can be derived from this technique include:

  • Molecular structure and geometry
  • Absolute structure and configuration
  • Structural changes that occur at non-ambient conditions
  • Structural changes that occur in a high-pressure environment
  • Charge density distribution
  • Intermolecular interactions
  • Polymorph characterization for pharmaceutical compounds

    Applications

    The following applications are relevant to this technique

    Small Molecule

    Protein