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Qualitative analysis


What are the fundamental qualities of this material?

Analytical chemistry can be split into two main types: qualitative and quantitative. In qualitative analysis, the object is to establish the presence of a given element, compound, or phase in a sample. Similarly, qualitative organic or biochemical analysis seeks to establish the presence of a given functional group, organic compound, or ligand in a sample. In contrast, quantitative analysis seeks to establish the amount of a given element, compound, or some other component in a sample.

Qualitative chemical analysis is a method of analyzing organic and inorganic substances. In the analytical X-ray instrumentation field, it is a branch of instrumental analysis that identifies elements, compounds and phases in an unknown sample. It does not concern the measurement of the amount of a sample's constituents, but rather looks at factors such as texture, atomic structure and disorder as well as the various elemental and chemical components of a material. Qualitative chemical analysis has its main application in the medical and criminology fields.