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Introduction to X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (Europe)

XRF training at RESE

Course Name:   Introduction to X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy 
Duration:   4-days
Sessions:   17-20 February, 2020
24-27 August, 2020
7-10 December, 2020
Course Times:   9 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Location:   Rigaku Europe SE, European Center of Expertise
Hugenottenallee 167, 63263 Neu-Isenburg,


General Scope

The trainings focus on the practical use of Rigaku spectrometers and software. The sessions will mainly take place at the instrument and well selected examples and exercises will be used to make you familiar with basic principles and functionality.

The courses give an overview of the ZSX Software, cover on the one hand the standardless SQX-Analysis and approaches to refining SQX results. On the other hand, strategies are explained how to develop quantitative analysis methods (calibrations) considering the respective analytical situation (line overlaps, matrix & preparation effects etc.). Depending on the participants’ analytical requirements, special topics will be explained during the course on request (e.g. spot analysis & mapping, thin film, filters etc.)

Topics like PHA adjustment, drift correction, monitoring the instrument and performing control measurements will be discussed. Utilities and additional software functions (chemical compounds, data backup…) are shown as well.

Rigaku will provide the training venue, printed training notes, light refreshment and a course certificate.

Who Should Attend

Operators, engineers, research scientists and university students in university and operators of the ZSX Primus IV spectrometer supplied by Rigaku.

Course Agenda

Day 1

Opening Discussion (1 h)

Basic XRF principles Physics of X-rays
WDXRF spectrometer configuration
Best operating procedures for XRF

  • Introduction of the system & hands on (backup, startup, status) (45 min)
  • Overview ZSX Software (1 h)
  • Sample preparation in the laboratory (45 min)
  • Introduction into SQX Analysis (standard less) with first example (1 h 30 min)


SQX Analysis (3 h 30 min) EZ Scan

Qualitative Application with Fixed Angle mode
(Balance, Impurity, Analyzed Layer, Element/Oxide Conversion, Results Output Selection, Ratio, definition of a new compound).


  • “Matching Library” (Use and Setup)
  • “Estimate” function, SQX Scatter FP

Day 2

Representative sampling
Sample preparation pressed powder, fused bead, metals, ultra-carry, micro carry
Quality control check analysis
Maintenance of the instrument

SQX Analysis (Continued) (3 h 30 min)

Alternative: Start with Quant Application (Calibration)


Quant Application (Calibration) (3 h 30 min)

Available choices:

  1. Clay Cement Fused bead (warm-up, beginners)
  2. Steel (more advanced)
  3. Further suitable sets of standards from the RESE app lab, so available
  4. Customer standards (if suitable regarding duration /level of difficulty)
  5. Quant Application with Library Sensitivities (standard less)

Day 3:

Quant Application (continued) (3 h 30 min)

  • Optimization instrumental parameters
  • Background corrections
  • Calibration coefficient and regression using ZSX guidance software
  • Overlap corrections
  • Quality control
  • Evaluation of analytical data


Quant Application (continued) (3 h 30 min)

Day 4:

Special topics (flexible) (4 h) Primus IV only

  • Drift Correction & recommendation for samples
  • First steps of troubleshooting
  • Copying & Deleting methods
  • Optional: Spot Analysis and Mapping
  • Optional: Layer Analysis
  • Optional: Liquid sample measurement (mode to He)
  • Optional: UltraCarry & MicroCarry filters

Handover of Certificates, Lunch & Goodbye

Note: During training course, the latest version of software for instrument control and analysis software that is available on the market is used. Therefore, details of the operation might be different from your environment. Our trainers are more than happy to discuss the operations on your version of the software. In such a case, you are advised to bring your personal computer with software installation and software dongles along with you.