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Rietveld analysis

Rietveld analysis

XRD analysis with whole pattern fitting refinement

Invented by Hugo Rietveld, Whole Pattern Fitting Structure Refinement is now widely accepted to be an exceptionally valuable method for structural analysis of nearly all classes of crystalline materials not available as single crystals. 

This software approach refines various metrics—including lattice parameters, peak width and shape, and preferred orientation—to derive a calculated diffraction pattern. Once the derived pattern is nearly identical to an unknown sample data, various properties pertaining to that sample can be obtained including: accurate quantitative information, crystallite size, and site occupancy factors. The process of refining the pattern is computationally intensive, requiring several minutes to calculate results for a multi-component mixture. Rietveld Analysis has the advantage, over conventional quantitative methods, that no standards are required.

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Application Notes

The following application notes are relevant to this technique