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Geology and minerals


Phase, elemental and chemical analysis

In studying planetary processes and makeup of the Earth, geologists routinely analyze the composition and molecular structure of rock and mineral samples. Long having been central tools in geological research, X-ray analytical techniques have become more powerful with small spot excitation, mapping, and standardless quantitative analysis. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is the key technique for characterizing the element composition of geological materials. The latest generation of wavelength dispersive XRF instrumentation employs a small analyzing area and an XY-stage to automatically make multiple measurements of a sample to produce a chemical composition map. X-ray diffraction (XRD) is employed to quantitatively measure phase composition. Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction data is now recognized as the most powerful method available for quantitative crystalline phase analysis. Rigaku technology and expertise provide a number of unique solutions for these determinations.

Rigaku recommends the following systems:

Small Molecule

Our most popular diffractometer for chemical crystallography, configured with either single or dual microfocus sealed tube X-ray sources and an extremely low noise direct X-ray detection detector.

A benchtop single crystal X-ray diffractometer ideal for self-service crystallography and teaching.

A modern single crystal X-ray diffractometer for structural analysis of small molecule samples configured with microfocus sealed tube technology and a direct X-ray detection detector.

An extremely high-flux rotating anode X-ray diffractometer specifically configured for measuring difficult samples.

User-inspired data collection and data processing software for small molecule and protein crystallography

A bespoke, extremely high-flux diffractometer with custom enclosure and the flexibility to utilize both ports of the rotating anode X-ray source.

Automated tool for performing in situ crystallography experiments on existing X-ray diffractometers


New 6th-generation general purpose benchtop XRD system for phase i.d and phase quantification

Highly versatile multipurpose X-ray diffractometer with built-in intelligent guidance


Automated tool for performing in situ crystallography experiments on existing X-ray diffractometers


2D X-ray detector with latest semiconductor technology designed for home lab diffractometers


The following applications are relevant to this industry